Countries throughout the Middle East may be in conflict with one another, but they almost all agree on the need to suppress the media. Recent attacks on media outlets, expulsions and arrests of journalists, attacks on media offices and threats to media have become an almost weekly occurrence.
On May 17 Lina Attallah, a journalist in Egypt, was reportedly arrested. She was detained while interviewing an activist. According to France 24 her arrest and targeting of other journalists in Egypt has increased in recent years. Mada Masr, an Egyptian online outlet, is one off those places affected. Egypt also went after a Guardian reporter after reports about coronavirus in the country.
Turkey, a key US NATO ally, remains the Middle East’s largest jailor of journalists. It has expelled foreign reporters and jailed those who disagree with the government. Pro-government media has expanded as the state seeks more and more control and as there is an increasingly small space for criticism of the government. The leading AKP party increasingly targets any critics as “supporters of terrorism,” including environmental activists or investigative reporters and minorities, or those who simply oppose Turkey’s militarism. Journalists are arrested or harassed almost every week in Turkey. On May 8 an Istanbul court ordered the arrest of 8 journalists for a report about the country’s intelligence organization. They face up to 17 years in prison. On may 17 another report notes that Turkey sought to arrest 21 journalists that had been in prison since March 2017 but had been released by a court. Turkey kept one journalist, whose “crime” was being a design director at Zaman, in solitary confinement for 800 days.
Meanwhile in Iraq on Monday members of the pro-Iranian paramilitary Hashd al-Shaabi attacked the Saudi-based MBC media in Baghdad. They assaulted it after it dared to air a program critiquing the Hashd and accusing Iranian-backed groups of involvement in killing the wife of a poet. It was also targeted because it was allegedly critical of the late Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, a militia commander. Iraq also sought to ban Reuters after it reported about coronavirus.
In Eastern Syria the Kurdish Rudaw correspondent Vivian Fatah had her credentials yanked by local authorities, who are linked to the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces, for “offending martyrs” by not describing them correctly. In other parts of Syria the Turkish occupation forces and the religious extremists backed by Ankara continue to ban journalists from covering their crimes, including ethnic cleansing in Afrin and attacks on religious minorities. In areas under the Syrian regime control there are no critical media allowed and the regime has been accused of killing journalists. Syria is still holding Austin Tice after it disappeared him in 2012.
In Tunisia journalists were harassed after critiquing the Minister of Health. In Algeria websites that were critical were blocked by the government, called “fake news.” Press freedom has also been attacked in the Palestinian Authority during the pandemic. Journalists have also been detained in Somalia. A dissident journalist named Fahd Bohendi was also allegedly killed in Qatar after being imprisoned. Qatar, a key US ally, does not allow critical media but hosts Al-Jazeera which claims to be progressive abroad.
Iran’s extremist regime, which jails and tortures dissidents, also is keeping journalists and academics in prison. The wife of a detained Iranian journalist from the GOnabadi Dervish minority group has said her husband is kept in prison despite the pandemic and amnesty for other prisoners. Iran, like Turkey, prefers to release criminals but not free thinkers and journalists.
In Lebanon on Monday the Internal Security Forces Criminal Investigations Bureau summoned journalist Dima Sadek. In March gunmen shot at the office of Radio Delta North in Akkar. Lebanon, where many western press are based, has become increasingly hostile to dissident voices. During austerity protests many journalists were harassed. The Samir Kassir foundation, named after an assassinated intellectual, reported numerous incidents, including against AFP and Al-Jadeed and freelance journalist Saada Saada. In 2018 Lebanese military courts also targeted Hanin Ghaddar.
The Middle East increasingly is divided between several major alliance systems rooted in Tehran, Riyadh and Ankara. But most countries tend to agree on one thing: A free press is unacceptable. Turkey and other countries that once had more freedom to critique the government have cracked down on journalists to such a degree that there are almost no local critical reports and foreign journalists cannot write critical stories of the government from within the country. Most of these counries have replaced any concept of a free media with state controlled media outlets or outlets that are only pro-government, such as TRT, Al-Jazeera and various media in Iran. TRT, the Turkish state broadcaster, has never included critical stories about the government, just as Al-Jazeera never critiques Qatar. In contrast to state-sponsored media in the West, which is critical, these media are only propaganda mouthpieces with an increasing role as critical journalists are disappeared, assassinated, jailed, harassed, sued, tortured or deported.
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THE AKAN Copied from the book, Reality as Myth by Onyeji Nnaji . The influence of the Akan on their content nations lies on their population and commonwealth of their brother nations. The Akan are one of the largest ethnic groups in West Africa. Their population is scattered across West Africa and beyond. Among this huge population of the Akan, the Ghanaians are more popular, perhaps because of the political influence of the Ashanti Empire in the area. Not much is heard or known about other Akan settlements like the Akwamu, the Akyem , the Akuapem, the Denkyira, the Abron, the Aowin, the Ahanta, the Anyi, the Baoule, the Chokosi, the Fante, the Kwahu, the Sefwi, the Ahafo, the Assin, the Evalue, the Wassa the Adjukru, the Akye, the Alladian, the Attie,the M'Bato, the Abidji, the Avikam,the Avatime the Ebrie,
Copied from the Book; " Reality as Myth " by Onyeji Nnaji The beauty of the discovering of the Radar Rivers and their channels is that it disproves the western hegemonic claim of the Euphrates valley being the position of the birth of the great river, all the points that opposed their claims notwithstanding. Even God himself was very perfect in His creation by placing them in their positions, hierarchically, according to their birth. The first river that flowed located the Havilah land where there are good quality gold, bdellium and fine onyx stones. Pison was the oldest of the rivers and it flowed through the land of the southern Africa. The second river flowed northward to Ethiopia. It was when Africa had been overtaken by virtue of her proximity to the Great Water that other parts of the world began to encounter the remaining river; remarkable with Hiddekel. Subscribe to ajuede.com to be updated on our posts on dailies. The major problem tow
STRICTLY FOR COUPLES … You will know that the man is the head while you are his neck. As such, you direct his focus and make him fixative Our series include the following : * Show him what he looks out for from other women * Teach him like he knows nothing * Learn to play naked games with your husband * Learn to package yourself * Learn to work on your husband M y neighbour had v owed never to let any girl survive as a salesgirl in my shop. This thing has happened for over three times. Each time we brought a new salesgirl, the girl would stay for two or three months; and suddenly she would end her contract with us. In all these, my husband did not know. So, being that the girls usually stole money and other items, the reason for their departure became genuine, thus: they ran away to avoid being punished for their actions. But behind this, the underlying truth is that the girls had been embarrassed by my neighbour who would warn them to leave her loosed husband. Re
Copied from the book, Reality as Myths by Onyeji Nnaji T he world of the Bantu travellers shows the walls of the migration that recorded the highest population among the African settlement. Originating from the largest population among the four races that settled in the east before time, all Bantu travellers were pygmies; for that was the nature of the Umudiala, the generation that gave birth to them. Bantu migration was rated the third earliest migration of the Negro race from the east. In this regard, all their movement had involved great population of people compared to the number of people involved in the two earlier populations that gave birth to Ethiopia, Nubia and Egypt: the Walker Traveller, and the Race of Anu. Bantu population as we have identified in the third chapter above outweighs the rest of the population of the ancient fathers that founded many of the nations of antiquity mentioned earlier. Discussing them in beat will pose a little challenge since
T he name Nkalaha is a coinage which stands for a people occupying a geographical land and regional setting in the eastern part of Nigeria. It is a coinage which attempts to explain the direction of movement and adventure of the men who founded the community in the 15th century AD. According to oral sources and some documentation about this community, some of these men were believed to have traveled from Ida, old Benue state of Nigeria to inhabit the land. These men had traveled on different days to locate the place. Onojah who originally founded the land was said to have been in a deep search for a place of safety as he was besieged by a fate that appeared to make him somewhat incompatible with his own people. Nkalaha is one of the communities that make up Ishielu Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Nkalaha occupied the northern part of Ishielu Local Government Area. She is located through the zip 135.031.000. The community sits on 923.768km 2 . She shares boundaries
The Mystery of Number, “Five” in the Igbo Cosmology. From: Aspects of the Ancient African Metaphysics; Chapter: Seven; Topic: Igbo Geometries and the Metaphysics of Numbers. Author: Onyeji Nnaji. I n the Igbo cosmology, the word Isee is a definite symbolic word as revealed through the Igbo language and culture. A human being has five fingers, five toes. The hands and feet are fundamentals to the survival in life as they are necessary in ensuring that man moves to places where he gets food and grapples on the food to sustain his life. To this view, the rhetoric that binds vocatives in the form of incantation (anchoring on the heart-lock: four ) and the concomitant reprisal in the manner of affirmation that holds the human life bind to his original spiritual person, therefore defining existence and essences are unified by the corresponding echo: Isee!!!!! Therefore it stands that anytime a prayer is said in the Igbo land, the attendants who would want the fulfillment of the
INTRODUCTION One thing that made Udi remarkable is the indubitable legacy adopted in commemoration of the legendry fighter, Uto at Nsude. It was one of the greatest contributions of the descendants of Agbaja to the survival of Nsukka civilization of memory. Uto held from Oshie. Uto dies of small pox after a mercenary battle he was hired to fight in the ancient Benin. His body was buried in the evil forest as the tradition demanded. Although he lived no longer, the stepped pyramids above were adopted to commemorate the lasting peace he brought to the entire Oshie and Udi nation of people. Another remarkable thing about Udi is the fertility of the land. This has contributed widely in sustaining the inhabitants and provided a name for the inhabitants in the manner of Abakaliki, Umudike, Ogbaru, Igboariam, Ohaji, Uzouwani, etc., especially in Amofia-Agu, Affa. Udi is a land of great rivers and springs: Adaada, Ajali, Oji, Aria, Nvenu, Ngene Evu, Iyi Ububo, etc. as was the situ
There are four generations…, and the fourth generation, which is the most exalted, is kingless and perfect. These people will enter the holy place of their Father and they will reside in rest … They are kings. They are the immortal within the mortal ( The Nag Hammadi, 219 ) Also read Nsukka Civilization: The Peopling of Ancient Nsukka One of the African homes that colonialism has completely deformed beyond certain level of recognition is Nsukka. Colonialism apart, the most affecting factor to the survival of the meaning which the rich cultural enclave, Nsukka, carries will best be blamed on postcolonial political structure. The biggest harm all these have against Nsukka as a people is that they rubbed her of the meaning of her name; their place of origin; how their fathers managed to come into their present abodes and who their ancestors were. A profound understanding of the excerpt above will open the door towards deciphering the meaning and origin of the people call
by Onyeji Nnaji Eha-Amufu road newly constructed by Governor Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi of Enugu state in 2019 A part from the strategic location of the Federal College of Education, one central reason remarkable about Eha-Amufu is her central position and her boundary situation. Eha-Amufu stands at the centre of many communities; as a result she has served as the gateway to different communities. She is bounded to Nkalaha, Agala, Ikem, Umuero and other communities, including Obeagu (pronounced Ubegu). Aside from that, Eha-Amufu embodies the route that traces the way to the northern part of Nigeria for travellers travelling from Ebonyi axis. Eha-Amufu also forms the remarkable boundary community between Enugu State and Ebonyi State. This situation makes Eha-Amufu very strategic in the discussion of the road and rivers across Ebonyi and Enugu. In the era when transportation on rail was the order of the day, the most popular then ‘Express Train and la