FIVE WAYS THE EGYPTIAN PYRAMIDS DIFFER by Onyeji Nnaji

GIZA AND SAQQARA
Pyramids are constructed for different purposes depending on the objective each builder intends to achieve at the moment of the construction. Sometimes it is constructed to sustain matter(s) of immediate stance, while in many cases it has been purposefully constructed to contain certain pedagogical reasons. Above all, pyramids have been remarkable and significant in the recognitions accorded to the nations and people that had or still has them. Devoid of purposes, many nations and people that constructed pyramids in the recent past did so to identify with the great nations of antiquity whose recognitions in the hall of history were marked with the involvement with matters as pyramids. This was the primary purpose that fired the erection of pyramids among all the nations that built after the Nubian and Egyptian civilizations. The Egyptian pyramids, that at Giza and that at Saqqara were designed by different people and different purposes.

Looking at the populous pyramids in Egypt which had attracted the attention of tourists all around the world, the first thing common sense could easily work out is that they are different in their looks.  

The Giza pyramid which was constructed Pharaoh Chiop much later is different from the earlier one built by Pharaoh Djoser in Saqqara. While the Giza pyramid is plane in its nature, the Saqqara pyramid is stepped in nature. Each of these pyramids reflected the period and the situation of the Egyptian government at the time of their constructions. While the Saqqara pyramid was constructed by Djoser, in the third dynasty, 2,630 B.C.; the Giza pyramid was constructed around 2,560 B.C. by the fourth dynasty king, Pharaoh Khufu about 70 years later.

Secondly, the Giza pyramid was mysterious, but the Saqqara pyramid was symbolic. Many cults in the western world had tried to identify with the purported divinity of the Giza pyramid. They looked for ways of assigning authenticity to their arts by claiming that the source was traced to the great pyramid of Giza. The all-encompassing idea instituted the freemason and the much later illuminati cult was claimed to have originated from the Giza Pyramid. In The New World Order, Ralph Epperson remarks thus:

Max Toth, a writer about the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt also wrote about the purpose of symbols: "The knowledge of the ancient mysteries was never revealed to the layman except through the media of symbols. Symbolism fulfilled both the need to conceal sacred truths from the uninitiated and to offer a language for those qualified to understand it." Whatever these secrets are, one writer on the subject feels it is time to make them public. Alice Bailey, one of the key writers supporting the New Age movement, wrote this: "The hour for the ancient mysteries has arrived... These Ancient Mysteries were ... hidden in numbers, in ritual, in words, and in symbology; these veil the secret ...." (PP.36-37).
This is the reason for the use of the great pyramid as their symbols and this assigns impetus to the great seal in the American currency. Unfortunately, the Giza pyramid is but a tomb for pharaohs, it is not a place for the mystery that the world mystic schools seek. The highest mystery is in the symbolic representation of the stepped pyramid at Saqqara. Documents designed for the explanation of the symbolic mystery was kept in the temples At Abydos until the time when it was invaded by thieves like Aristotle the Stangrite and the Arab conquests of the much later kingdom.

Thirdly, the great pyramid at Giza represented fire, while the stepped pyramid at Saqqara represented land. The pyramid of Giza is dedicated to the sun god, Ra. By supposition, the great pyramid was supposed to serve as a temple for the worship of the sun god. Unfortunately it is purely a burial ground for kings and queens. The step pyramid represents the belief held by the Egyptians, Igbo and the Israelites. Both Egypt and Israel celebrate the monumental culture that dramatizes the raising of mounds. The Igbo spoke of creation as beginning from the anthill. To show this, the pot had to be neatly and carefully placed on a mound. Egypt and Israel hold to this same view in her mythology. They believed that God started the work of creation with a raised earth or mound. On this mound, God stood while He embarked on the business of creation. Israel celebrates this idea by raising mounds.

Fourthly, the Giza pyramid was purportedly adopted in a museum-like form, but the Saqqara pyramid was adopted for historical reasons. The different apartments in the Giza pyramid shows it better as a tourist centre. The Saqqara pyramid reflects a historical adaptation that traces the history the ancient pharaohs of Egypt.  A document procured from the temple in Abydos by Emily Teeter and his research team reveals that the step pyramid is copy of another pyramid constructed elsewhere; the place where (According to a 1870s excavator of the temple, Petries, remarked that) the population that founded Egypt had travelled from. The document reads,
An abbreviated version of more monumental forms of depiction, of a kind already rendered in stone relief, but hardly preserved from these early periods. It depicts part of a ceremony later enacted in the step pyramid complex of Djoser at Saqqara.                                                                                                                                                 (Before the pyramids, 101).
The pyramid whose culture informed the later enacted pyramid complex of Djoser, at Saqqara was found in Agbaja, Nsude in the ancient Nsukka civilization.


History recorded that the people among whom this pyramid existed were the civilizers of Egypt.
Fifthly, the Giza pyramid was constructed by a body of architects, while the Saqqara pyramid was designed by a mystery master. The technique required in the erecting of the Giza pyramid was not intended for veneration, except as a sepulcher and museum where history tools as mummies and issues connected to them. The builder of the Saqqara pyramid was Imhotep. Imhotep was described as an architect, a priest and a healer; a god-man who had understanding of history, time and people. He had the history that even Djoser might not have had about the Pharaoh’s of Egypt. Ask me and I will insistently tell you that he must have been in position of the original pyramid’s image. Compare the images below for instance,

In conclusion, both the Saqqara step pyramid and the later Giza pyramid have one message to the world generally. 
            Read also The Mystery of Number Five in the Igbo Cosmology

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