african genesis
(Extracted from the book, Reminiscence)
Onyeji Nnaji

Nothing is hidden here apart from details of the migration waves away from the east. We have taken staking time to trace the path of the ancestors of Africa. Our findings revealed that the African ancestors were four distinct people who inhabited the African east at different time. Time in this regard was calculated based on generations or race. We do not think that the survivors of the Noah’s ark founded any country in Africa; instead they came later to infiltrate the Black land. Of course, the lateness of their civilization is an indication that they arrived late. For by that time, the survivors of the flood in Africa had gone far in their civilization. Scholars’ research and archaeological findings had pointed out that the route of the human genesis, even Africa, is the West Africa. We also found that ancient Egypt, Nubia and Ethiopia have links with Nigeria.

Everywhere one sees a Blackman, there is always one common conclusion that is drawn about his features with the other uncountable Blacks found everywhere in the world. One recognizable feature is on the appearance; it does not matter the colour differences. For instance, Africans have similar language features (of course, linguists argue that African languages are not only characterized by the historic “Kwa” feature, greater among the languages in Africa are characterized “Head initial” unlike the English which is head final), hair types, nose and general feature that dully differentiate Africans from other races. From all indications, taking from the various features characteristic of Africans, it had been very difficult to identify a particular genesis for the Black nations.

Different schools have different suggestions for the African origin. The adherents of Christian religion attempt to fashion an origin for Africa tracing the Blackman from Kush, who was the son of Noah, of the linage of Adam. The Kushite crusaders had their claims that Kush had one of his sons whose name referred to Black. This idea led to the suspicion that ancient Egypt could be the African homeland. This conclusion taken from the Bible historians and Kushite crusaders held the African historical stage for centuries. It became encompassing when the unceasing activities of archaeologists and paleontologists, added to oral histories and evidences found among other ancient kingdoms in Africa discovered that Egypt was actually a colony of an ancient civilization that traced its route to west Africa; where possibly the ancient Egypt might have migrated from.

The most astounding confusion is found in the works of the British born paediatrician and geneticist, Stephen Oppenheimer. Oppenheimer claimed that the genesis of the African race is traced towards the Ethiopian region. This may not be too far to get to his reason for drawing this conclusion. His reason, apart from whatever observations he may have made, bothers on the simple idea that a set of bones was found in Ethiopia and was estimated to have lasted for four million years. But, could that be the reason to conclude that African genesis to be Ethiopia? This is still very dicey to be true, tracing from Ethiopian history. Oppenheimer created a projectile image to defend his claim of the global genesis. The picture is shown below.

Can this be a substantial proof for the African genesis? It cannot be. Any people occupying the birthplace of the African continent must have the proof of having not emigrated from any place. Such aboriginal corner should as well embody the history of the dispersal of the sister nations, at least, within Africa. Instances of probable migration out of such heartland should be found the latter. Ethiopia does not have this kind of aboriginal feature. To prove Oppenheimer wrong, the history of Ethiopia reveals that the earliest tribe is the Kambata; the population that settled in the Afar region of Ethiopia. Kambata here is an Igbo word which means, “Let me enter/settle”. The oral tradition of these earliest settlers reveals the same situation. And as was revealed in the book, Reality as Myth, Kambata was among the first travelers to leave West Africa to settle in the region of the Nile River. What Oppenheimer cannot talk about is the aspect of the African oral tradition.

This uncanny situation contributed in placing the African child in a relative hopeless situation towards deciphering his original home. It equally brought about the question of where exactly is the African east; the very position where the sun rises. The world history is traced to the east. Africa also has it that the land of the rising sun is the birth place of her population. Diop Anta, a renowned historian from Egypt, made the following statement,
From what we know about the archaeology of South Africa, where humanity seems to have been born; from what we know about Nubian civilization, probably the oldest of all, from what we know about the prehistory of the Nile Valley, we can legitimately assume that the “Great Waters” is none other than the Nile. No matter where we collect legend on the genesis of the Black African people, those who still remember their origins say they came from the east and their forbearers found pygmies in the country. Dogon and the Yoruba legends report that they came fromthe east, while those of the Fang, who as recently as the nineteenth century had not yet reached the Atlantic coast, indicates the northeast. Bakuba legends list the north as their provenance. For people living in the Nile, traditions suggest that they came from the north; this is true of the Batusti of Rwanda-Urundi (Civilization, 179).
From Diop’s conclusion, it was apparent that the east is around the Nile valley. But could this be true? Diop should be the one to answer this question. Three reasons would disprove the assertion of Diop above. Firstly, if the east is in any of his proposed sites, then cartographers would be wrong in the sketching of the map of African continent. Secondly, the report of Mungo Park in his expedition of the Niger valley and the already information in Europe that the river, Niger, flows towards the rising sun will be wrong. Thirdly, Diop would contradict his own view about the Great Waters as he concurred with the conclusion of Herodotus. From Herodotus’ account Diop made the following conclusion,
It would seem therefore, that at a certain time the interior was inhabited exclusively by pygmies. The river in question might well have been the Niger, since we know now, contrary to what Herodotus believed, that beyond Ethiopia the Nile does not bend around to flow from south to north after crossing Africa from the northwest to southeast (Civilization, 181).
Mungo Park has related information to share with us in the manner shown below.
I was told I should see the Niger early next day," he wrote on 20th July 1796. "We were riding through some marshy ground, when someone called out 'See the water!' and, looking forwards, I saw with infinite pleasure the great object of my mission—the long-sought-for majestic Niger glittering to the morning sun, as broad as the Thames at Westminster, and flowing slowly to the eastward. I hastened to the brink and, having drunk of the water, lifted up my fervent thanks in prayer to the Great Ruler of all things, for having thus far crowned my endeavours with success. The circumstance of the Niger's flowing towards the east did not excite my surprise, for although I had left Europe in great hesitation on this subject, I had received from the negroes clear assurances that its general course was towards the rising sun (Travels, 162).
Mungo Park was very expressive in his assertion. His contribution added a shape to our understanding of the east. Park was convinced that the river had a course, and the course was to trace the place of the rising sun; the traditional home of man. Park’s excitement in discovering the position of the river made his expedition a success. The later part of the excerpt above tells us his objective. The search for the great river might not draw a parallel line about the African genesis. Ancient documentaries and references of the ancient Egypt also support this claim. The dogged effort of Nnaji in tracing the origin of the name Africa did not only expose us to the history of Egypt civilization, it goes the far to suggest that the name Africa originated from the source of the continental population within which the reference by the ancient Egypt suggested as the origin of her civilization.

Above all, the suggestions considered, Nnaji revealed the document of Dr. Ivan Van Setimer, an African scholar who dedicated his time trying to ascertain and make prominent the contribution of Africa to the world civilization and democracy. Popular among his books include African Early Presence in Europe, Black Women in Antiquity, They Came before Columbus and others. From his view, we learnt that the Kemmiu (ancient Egyptians) used the term “Af-Rui-Ka to designate beginnings, referring to inner Africa, the place the ancestors of the ruling class came from”. From Nnaji’s view, the point marked as inner Africa is the position marked by cartographers as Biafra in the earliest African map. He made this conclusion through the meaning of the two terms which refer to motherland.

Looking at the explanations of earlier researchers on topics bothering on the history of Africa, it was indicative that they were telling a story of a place of beginning and making references to this place “Biafra” but could only see the environment in their imaginations than in their real focal aught. The case with Diop Anta was a clear picture of one who perhaps had seen or known the truth but naturally ignored it because it did not favour his own part of the continent. Of course, it remains very difficult for people to accept that the African genesis was not in any of the three ancient communities (Ethiopia, Nubia and Egypt) that encountered the western historians first before inner Africa was discovered. A similar confusion also looms in minds when the true story was told that the Saqqara stepped pyramid (which had been decorated with the pride of world foundation of the knowledge of pyramids) was a copy of the stepped pyramids in Nigeria. The Wikipedia records hold that with the discovering of the stepped pyramids in Agbaja, Igbo land; it becomes relatively assumed that civilization started in Nigeria. For what I know, Mungo Park, Herodotus, Ivan Setimer, Petrie and many other writers who had traced African origin to Nigeria were not Igbo speakers so we may say that they had written to favour that part of the continent.

Issues with the origin of global civilization are clearly Africa. We have given explicit instances that points to Nigeria, Igbo land as the home of the earliest civilization ever experienced with evidences living up till this day and speaking for themselves about their origin. The task so challenging in this chapter is the question of where the Africa motherland is. The same place could be the birth place of the African continent. To do this, we shall consider, first of all, the suggestion of Diop Anta above which points to the east.

     - Tracing the Ancestors’ Paths
From the discussions in the chapters above, it is apparent that African ancestors had paths that led to a destination which could be regarded as their homeland. Obscurity brought about by the passage of time had timely eluded these paths from being very obvious to sights. Beside the allusion, one practical thing that had remained too convincing had been the reference to the earth. 
No matter where we collect legend on the genesis of the Black African people, those who still remember their origins say they came from the east and their forbearers found pygmies in the country. Dogon and the Yoruba legends report that they came fromthe east,(Civilization, 179)
(i) The Path of the Sun
The relevance of the rising sun is that it serves as the ultimate pointer to the direction of the east. And because the sun is very essential to live; animals and plants, it therefore became expedient that it should be the marker of the very birth place of the human race. As mentioned above, “those who still remember their origins say they came from the east.” People must have come from the north, south and west, but one thing remarkable is that the people who came from the east appeared to have lived earlier than people in the south, west and north. This is because live started in the east. Invariably, we may assert that the people, who still inhabit the east, if people still live there, should be the aboriginal inheritors of the motherland. The task becomes how may we locate this east and probably identify the lives still in it? Should it be Egypt, Nubia or Ethiopia?

From every country that sees the sun daily, the direction of that country from where the presence of the sun is identified is usually termed the east. In this manner, the east is peculiar with countries. The position of east to one country may differ from another country due to their different positions. But, above all, there must be a country that is more eastern that the other. The people occupying that very point, east, are believed to be occupying the eastern part of heaven from where the sun rises. This is the conclusion of the Egyptian Book of the Dead.

Now, considering the countries in Africa with pronounced and renowned ancient civilization, we may give attention to the popular trio nations along the Nile. We have such ancient countries as Ethiopia, Nubia and Egypt in this consideration. These countries had been the bases of the historical study about Africa for centuries before our time. From the look of things, one of them should be the birth place of the African race. But certain facts found among them created senses of surprise to us. For instance, Egypt identified her founding parents to be of the Anu race. According to the evidences unearthed in Egypt, Lord Tera was discovered as one of the founding fathers of Egypt. With this, it becomes expedient to assert that Egyptian fathers were migrants from another place, probably the eastern horizon, according to the Book of the Dead. The historical foundation of the Anu race and the place they lived up till as late as early twentieth century is discussed in the Reality as Myth. We found instances of their abandoned caves in the southern part of Nkalaha, North-eastern part of Igbo land. To be precise, an instance of their features is enshrined in the statue comfortably placed in Enugu State; few distance from the University of Nigeria Enugu Campus (UNEC). The Image is used as the cover page of the text mentioned above.

Nubia too has evidences of having migrated from another place, probably the east. The general history of Nubia starting from the name of the country and the condition of their settlement is that of people on certain unimaginable migration wave within the passage of time. Nubia migration was in chain, beginning from the first people that settled to the last set of people. With this condition, Nubia became a people with a chain of migration wave that stratified them into three different groups: A, B and C. In this chain, A-group was the first migrants. The history of this migration is not clear. But from all indications, both culture and other style of life, there is a great similarity between Nubian A-group and the ancient Egypt. The history of the manner they came to occupy their present place, it was clear that Egypt and Nubia may have the same origin, but they settled at different time. Considering who settled first, we may conclude that Nubia settled first. In the Evolution of the Black Race and the Babelic Tales, it is clear from instances of their settlement that Nubia settled first. The summary of this identical feature between Nubia and Egypt is given by Adams, as follows:
Elliot Smith and Demy had no difficulty in racial differences among the skeletons from Nubian grave types. The people of the 'A-Group' recognizing the various theybelieved to be identical with the Predynastic Egyptians, while in the 'B Group' they perceived a much stronger Negro strain. This element was still believed tobepresent, although much diluted, in the 'C-Group' ... The anatomical work of Smith and Derry can be criticized on a number of grounds. Even with the best of intentions and under the best conditions, the methods available to them at the beginning of the twentieth century were primitive and highly subjective. Heavy emphasis was placed on a small numberof characteristics, such as the much abused cephalic index, andmany of them weremorphological features which could not beverified bymeasurement.. .It was in many respects a pseudo-science, [and] a far cry from today's scientific study of population dynamics (Adams,91-92).
Ethiopia’s case is very simple, according to its treatment in the Evolution of the Black Race. The oldest population in Ethiopia is the tribe who settled at the southern part of Ethiopia. They are referred to as the boiling point of Ethiopia because of the presence of Afar in the region. This significant tribe is called Kambaata. The history of the tribe is buried in the meaning of the name. This great people with historical landmark insist that Kambaata has been their name from inception. From the three versions of Kambaata oral tradition, two versions maintain that their name was founded in the situation that surrounded their settlement in the days of their fathers. The remaining one version displays certain incongruous and unaligned claim of ancestry which emanated from the lord in control of the population that settled in their earliest stage.

From our findings, it is possible that Kambata may have migrated from the ancient Nigerian society; perhaps from the east. The name of the tribe is practically Igbo word having the same meaning with the same term in the Igbo language. Added to this suggestion are similarities in the ancient potteries found in the area. Among the potteries, we chose to sample this chair and examine the similarity between it and the Igbo traditional seat. The Igbo have several seats of this nature and with varying styles. It was the form of their craft.
We could not find any direct trace to any east in the history of the three communities, but for the meaning of the name Nubia and Kambata, also their potteries. Diop Anta said something very important above. He said that,
Those who still remember their origins say they came from the east and their forbearers found pygmies in the country. Dogon and the Yoruba legends report that they came from the east,(Civilization, 179).
Now, if the Dogon with their age long tradition and the Yoruba still of ancient tradition should stick to the fact that they came from the east, then it becomes clear that they have the same origin. The Yoruba versions traced from their oral tradition maintain that their father was the younger brother of Obatala, whom Ifa refers to as the Father of the Igbo nation. What was done by Olumide Lucas shows the bulk of the terminology shared by both communities. It should serve as evidence to prove that both countries share the same historical origin. The Igbo themselves said that they originated from their abode. On this ground they refer to themselves as Nwadiala, Amala and Nwa-Afor Igbo translated to mean “son of the soil, Integral child and a child from the bowel of the Igbo” respectively. According to the Igbo oral tradition, the Igbo fathers came from the sky and inhabit the place of the rising sun. Following this, we may conclude that the east is the Igbo land in Nigeria.
(ii) The Use of Eastern Antenna
Using the UK pan as a pointer to the direction of the east is the easiest formulae to locate the eastern horizon where the sun rises. It is the eastern antenna. Uk pan is the circular pad designed and used by dish service providers to concentrate air wave to a point where the service is needed. It is not the dish itself; instead it is the instrument that gives the dish a concentrated focus towards the service it hopes to provide the user with at every given point. The necessity of the pan speaks for itself, and this tells us why it is used by every dish world over. It is indeed a universal antenna.
From every direction one finds himself, he can trace his bearing to the east with the help of a UK pan. Connected to the dish, the pan is used to search for the position of the east. It continues to search until the circular interior is fully positioned to face the east. At this time, the dish can work. Now, with the aid of this pan, anyone looking for the east from any point should look at the closest UK pan around him. Any position it faces clearly shows where the east is. 
Finding the eastern position from any direction in Nigeria, the UK pan faces the direction of Igbo land. If one still wishes to confirm how true the pan is, he would have to wait on the sun as he rises in the morning. For sure the sun rises from the same direction. Otherwise, the UK pan is not properly positioned and will certainly not work. Sunrise made it easier for the installation of DStv in Nigeria because the position of the east is already known and determined. Egyptian Book of the Dead maintained that the Tuat of Ra is in the east; at the part which is the door to the north. This is true in the case of the Igbo geographical locale. As immediate as one drives away from Nsukka (Northern Igbo land) in the morning hours, he begins to see the sun at his right hand. The same thing is experienced as one is driving towards Akwa Ibom State or to any of the Yoruba land in the morning hours. He experiences the presence of the sun at his left hand position or behind respectively. In fact, in Nigeria, any position one is standing he can easily point to the eastern direction. All this proves the saying by Mungo Park true. When he found the great Niger River, he said,
The circumstance of the Niger's flowing towards the east did not excite my surprise, for although I had left Europe in great hesitation on this subject, I had received from the negroes clear assurances that its general course was towards the rising sun (Travels, 162).
What do we say here? Is the proper east the Igbo land from where the sun rises or in Egypt as Diop Anta claims? With the various instances cited above and the numerous ones in other chapters, we will suggest that the eastern horizon is no other place than the Igbo land. If the east is in Egypt, the direction of the rising sun in Nigeria as explained above would be posited. Following the continental map as shown below, Nigeria would experience sunrise from the direction of the north. But it is not so.

Should we then say that cartographers were wrong in their mapping of the continent by placing Egypt in the north?  This cannot be true. Egypt does not have any boundary with Nigeria. The only geographical link both countries have in common is the Sahara, in the northern part of Nigeria, through which the population that left the ancient Nigeria passed. As long as the geographical plain of Africa is truly represented in the map, with all the country borders fully visible, Africa cannot have more than one east except the Igbo land. Wikipedia supported this view by practically drafting graphically the exit point of the population that left Nigeria up to the third movement.  

Nigeria is marked as the trigger point of Africa because of the position of the east. We have no reason therefore to argue further with respect to the position of the east. It is in the Igbo land and nowhere else. Could this be the mother home of African population? The next phase will tell us whether it is or not.      

Standing from other geopolitical zones of Nigeria to sight the sunrise everyday leaves the observer with no doubt that Igbo land in the land of the rising sun. This is made easier with the help of what we refer to as the African Antenna. Coming from the northern part of the country or from the western part, it may be assumed that the entire south-east and south-south embodies the home-place of the rising sun, whether by sight or by DStv UK pan. We found the difference when we approached the east. Igbo land is located in a way that it is at the centre of the Niger River, North central and the entire south-south. From any of these points, the antenna faces the inner Igbo land. Within the Igbo communities,all the antennas in Imo State, Abia State, Anambra State down to Enugu and the entire Nsukka area focus towards Abakaliki.
Quite enigmatic, apart from all the states mentioned, looking at the Nigeria map shown above, it is apparent that Benue and Cross-River are bounded behind Abakaliki; thereby pinning it at the centre, yet the antennas of these areas face Abakaliki. By this observation, it is apparent that the eastern part of the east is Abakaliki area. Little wonder the Bible remarked thus,

And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden. And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch (Gen 4:16-17).
Nod is a city “on the east of Eden”, while Eden was located in the eastward. According to the Bible,
And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed (Gen 2:8).
Wherever the Garden of Eden had been may not be of much interest since it is hidden from the humans’ eyes presently. What is important here is the fact that in the eastern part of Eden was a city with a good number of people. And that city was called Nod. There is a little coincidence here. It was possible that Eden could have been within Abakaliki area since it is discovered here as the proper east with potable evidence of an ancient city known as Nodo. All through our search, no place was found with the name Nod or Nodo apart from this city down here in Abakaliki. We are therefor of the suggestion that Nodo had been misspelled as Nod in the Christian Bible. With the identification of the Eastern east, it is apparent that the eastern horizon is the Igbo land in Nigeria.

- Evidence from Ancient Books
In several oral tradition as well as ancient libraries spoke of a people who emanated in the realm of the ancient when there was no suffering. The Benin, Yoruba, Dogon and others spoke of a people who descended from the sky and inhabited the planet earth before the creation of man. The books and oral traditions insist that this set of people did not descend from Adam. The Christian Bible is remarkable with this information. In chapter six of the Genesis, Moses gave a succinct account of a people who came from the sky; a people whom he called the sons of God. An anonymous book in the internet entitled The Book of Creation by the Son of Fire, said thus,

The forbears of all the nations of man were once one people, and they were the elect of God who delivered all the Earth over to them, all the people, the beasts of the field, the creatures of the wasteland and the things that grow. They dwelt through long ages in lands of peace and plenty. There were some who struggled harder, were more disciplined; because their forefathers had crossed the great dark void, their desires were turned Godward and they were called The Children of God". Their country was undulating and forested. It was fertile, having many rivers and marshes. There were great mountains to the East and to the West, and in the North was a vast stony plain.
The anonymous book explained the feature of the land of the first inhabitants of the earth planet; a people whom it refers to as the sons of God.Their land is generally “undulating and forested. It was fertile, having many rivers and marshes. The entire environment here explains Nigeria completely. We can practically find places associated with all these features in Nigeria than elsewhere in the world. The area concentrated by mountains is in the east called Enugu. The ecological analysis of Enugu simply shows that the mountains took over the entire land. We have another mountain concentrated area in the western part of Nigeria. The place is called Idonre, in Ondo State. But, Idonre hills are very few compared to the uncountable number of the mountains in Enugu. Idonre is significant because the mountains were carefully arranged as though it was intended. It fenced the small town round, living an opening of the size of a large gate between two mountains. The vast stony plain of the Nigeria-Plateau is known to every ecologist that has studied the Nigeria ecosystem. The marshy soil and concentration of rivers here refers to the alluvial soil of the Niger Delta region.

The book still went further to associate the land conditions with the nature of people inhabiting them.It explained the first inhabitants as people who lived in “The Land of the Little People (pygmies) and the Land of Giants, the Land of the Neckless Ones” Here the three races or generations of the Igbo race were classified according to their natures, not necessarily the time of their appearances. The Igbo pygmies were the Umudiala. All the generations associated with the earliest features are discussed in chapter two and three above.

Another ancient tablet excavated in the Nag Hammadi village in Egypt gives a clear picture of these same four groups of beings who inhabited the earth before the creation of Adam. Nag Hammadi also associates these people to the Igbo, following the features explained about them. It speaks of a people that descended from the sky and inhabited this earth planet. On the chapter captioned “the Origin of the World”, the book noted thus:
Then the saviour created of them all – and the spirits of these [are manifestly] superior, being blessed and varying in election – and also (he created) many other beings, which have no king and are superior to everyone that was before them. Consequently, four races exist. There are three that belong to the kings of the eighth heaven. But the fourth race is kingless and perfect, being the highest of all (Hammadi, 124-5).
Nag Hammadi puts it straight for us to understand the position of the fourth generation or race, above the first three generations. They were the most glorious generation among the sons of God. At another page the position of the fourth generation is restated.
There are four generations, three generations belong to the kings of the eighth heaven, and the fourth generation, which is the most exalted, is kingless and perfect. These people will enter the holy place of their Father and they will reside in rest … They are kings. They are the immortal within the mortal (P. 219).
They were differentiated from the previous generations because they were kingless. The first three generations belonged to the king of the eight heavens. This attracts the sense of a stratified heaven as maintained in the Egyptian mystery books. Also in the cosmology of the Dogon, it was established that the human race has eight ancestors. This, perhaps, may have certain relation to the kings of the generations that lived before the fourth generation. On page (277), the Nag Hammadi says that,

The Kingless Generation was glorious and without number, they are designated the generation over whom no kingdoms exist. And all the beings of the realm with no kingdom over it … are designated the children of the un-conceived Father.”
All these features are obvious with the ancestors of the Igbo race who live in the east. The Igbo, for instance, refer to themselves as chi (god). The Igbo believes that he is a chi (god); first to himself and transcendentally, to another person. The Igbo have the saying, “Nmadu bu chi Ibe ya” one is his colleague’s god. Drawing reference from this, it is apparent that the view by Eze Nri as explained above is reflected, not only in the historical conception of the Igbo, but also in their life generally. The idea raise by The Nag Hammadi that “the Kingless Generation are designated the generation over whom no kingdoms exists” appears to speak of the reference the Igbo use to refer to their race. The Igbo speak of their race as “Igbo enwe eze”, translated to mean a generation with no king, or a kingless race. Kingless condition cannot be the only feature to identify the Igbo nation as belonging to the realm of eternal days, the language situation of the Igbo equally spoke of this proof. The Nag Hammadi also clarifies the whole thing beyond possible imaginary constraint when it makes a remark about the fore-existed generations thus,

A people among whom the three entities Father, Mother and Child exist as perceptible speech having within it three names abiding in three nnn (P.722).
NNN, as intoned by the Nag Hammadi gave us the impetus to conclude that it was talking about the Igbo race. In the Igbo language, NNN is realized thus,Nne, Nna and Nwa. On the other hand, trying to represent these entities’ sexes, NNN still fits in thus: Nwoke, Nwanyi and Nwata. Detailed explanation of this history and the connections it has to the Igbo nation is discussed in chapter two above.

Nothing is hidden here apart from details of these migration waves away from the east. We have taking staking time to trace the path of the ancestors of Africa. Our findings revealed that the African ancestors were four distinct people who inhabited the African east at different time. Time in this regard was calculated based on generations or race. We do not think that the survivors of the Noah’s ark founded any country in Africa; instead they came later to infiltrate the Black land. Of course, the lateness of their civilization is an indication that they arrived late. For by that time, the survivors of the flood in Africa had gone far in their civilization. Scholars’ research and archaeological findings had pointed out that the route of the human genesis, even Africa, is the West Africa. We also found that ancient Egypt, Nubia and Ethiopia have links with Nigeria. The Igbo had found it difficult to explain his origin because he understands, even untutored, that he is autonomous or aboriginals. The explanation above may not be holistically detailed to make a distant fellow understand the Igbo nation, but it offers a clearing point to the controversy of the Africa genesis.


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