Origin of the Ijaw Nation - Onyeji Nnaji
Sieving the Falsehood in Ijaw Historical Claims:
"In the consolidated publication, The Cultural Unity of Black Africa, edited by Diop Anta (an Egyptian), it is established that all the nations of antiquity among black that have the scarified bronze are termed aboriginal. But in hierarchical rating, the Nri is the oldest and proves the core of the African population."
Altercations in Ijaw History
Related tradition must therefore be linked together and if possible converted into absolute transmitting agencies for it to be valid for progressive adoption. But first there is another problem to be solved, that of ensuring that the information used corresponds to a reality which has not been distorted with respect to time. It is increasingly clear that oral transmission may be subject to distortion. This only happens when it is transmitted by an agent who is not committed to the moral consciousness that rules the inheritors. His primary intention is to expunge certain aspect of the oral tradition that discriminates against him either as a stranger or a slave (Cosmic Chain, 7).
VERY MANY CENTURIES AGO PRIOR TO 600 AD (CE), THERE EXISTED OTU-IFE, WHERE THE GREAT AND MYSTERIOUS RULER KING ADUMU (ALIAS ODUDU), THE FIRST AND ANCIENT KING OF IFE, AND FOUNDER OF THE KINGSHIP AT OTU-IFE, REIGNED SUPREME. LEGEND HAS IT THAT HE DESCENDED FROM THE ANCIENT KINGS OF THE ANCIENT NILE VALLEY (NUBIA KUSH AND KEMET). MYTHOLOGICALLY AS A SPIRITUAL INITIATE HE CAME DOWN FROM THE SKY (SENT FROM HEAVEN OR FROM ANCIENT ORU COUNTRY) TO ESTABLISH KINGSHIP IN THE NEW LANDS.
PRINCE ADUMU OF THE ANCIENT ORU PEOPLE ARRIVED IN THE IFE REGION AFTER TRAVELLING THROUGH LANDS AND RIVERS WITH HIS PEOPLE. LEGENDS HAVE IT THAT HE ARRIVED IN THE NIGER BENUE REGION AND FIRST MADE SETTLEMENT WHERE THE OLD CITY OF BUSSA ONCE STOOD. IT WAS FROM THIS PLACE THAT HE DISCOVERED THE REGION OF IFE. AT THE TIME OF HIS ARRIVAL AND NEW DISCOVERIES ANOTHER PEOPLE KNOWN AS THE UGBOS HAD ALSO ARRIVED AND SET UP CAMPS IN THE AREA. FURTHERMORE OTHER ANCIENT PEOPLE ALSO ARRIVED IN THE AREA AND IT INCREASED IN POPULATION.
AFTER SOME YEARS OF PEACEFUL SETTLEMENT, BEFORE LONG, DISCONTENT BROKE OUT AMONG THE VARIOUS PEOPLES DUE TO COMPETITION, TYRANNY AND MALADMINISTRATION. PRINCE ADUMU AND HIS WISEMEN CONSULTED THE ORACLE, AND IT ORDERED THAT IT WAS NOW TIME TO SET UP THE NEW KINGDOM. A NEW CONSTITUTION WAS DRAWN UP WITH PRINCE ADUMU AT THE HEAD OF A NEW THEOCRATIC GOVERNMENT. AND SO PRINCE ADUMU FORMED AN ALLIANCE WITH SOME OF THE DISCONTENTED COMMUNITIES OF UGBOS TO DEFEAT THEIR ENEMIES. THIS WAR IS RETOLD IN THE ANCESTRAL LEGENDS AS THE WAR BETWEEN ADUMU (AKA ODUDU, ODUDUWA) AND OBATALA AND THE BIRTH OF THE 15 OR 16 DEITIES. IN REALITY IT WAS A THEOCRATIC AND POLITICAL WAR BETWEEN MEMBERS OF THE TEMPLE OF THE GREAT MOTHER GODDESS (WOYINGI) AND THE GODHEAD (OBATALA).
Give attention to those areas in blue; one thing you will recover here is a clear show of a hovering or stuttering tradition. There is, for instance, the intention not to mention Igbo or clearly state Yoruba as people older than they were. The tradition claims that their father, Prince Adumu, travelled from the Nile valley. In the succeeding line it went further to say that Prince Adumu came down from the sky. Prince Adumu was restated here to be Oduduwa. Diop Anta who wrote from Egypt has the following to say,
The ancient Oru people settled along the banks of the lower River Niger to just above the delta apex integrated with some of the upland people (Igbo-Otu), and became known as the Oru-Igbo amongst the Igbo people (Ijaw Oral Tradition)
Ijaw is a very primitive Negro tongue; perhaps the most ancient of the languages in West Africa, and so far as I have been able to trace, has not the smallest affinity with any other.
The Bonny, the Okrika, and the Kalabari are to a large extent, bilingual – speaking an Ijaw dialect and Igbo.
Origin of the Ijaw
"The reason why some important historical movements and local evolutions go unnoticed or remain doubtful is because the unit on which the transmission is calculated is geographically too restricted."
|The Abam Warriors
The ancient Oru people who settled along the banks of the lower River Niger to just above the delta apex integrated with some of the upland people (Igbo-Otu), and became known as the Oru-Igbo amongst the Igbo people.